Concrete is one of mostly used man made product on the planet. Construction of building and structures such as bridges requires cement. Concrete is made up of several materials which include cement ,sand, water and gravel. Cement is major requirement in the manufacture of concrete. In the presence of water, cement is used in joining together gravel and sand.
Concrete can be regarded as reinforced cement concrete when it possesses the reinforcement bars which are mostly made of steel. Some of the materials which are used to hold together the concrete include steel and the cement because they are strong enough and cheap to acquire. To achieve high quality concrete, there are certain steps and procedures which must be followed.
It is good to determine the ingredients needed and their amounts and proportions. The type of cement, the size and type of the aggregate, the amount of water and other chemical mixtures should be determined. Generating the best requirements shall ensure that the results are worthy. It is important to determine the best design mix. This can be done by determining the traits and properties that the concrete must have while still taking care of the economic factors. The load must be well supported since the concrete should remain strong. Depending on how the concrete is going to be applied it is good to note its workability on how it is going to settle on a flat surface.
Environmental conditions should be considered while making concrete and where it is to be put. The environment should not lead to freezing and melting up of the concrete. Moisture and aggressive soil elements should not damage the concrete. In order to meet the intended purpose and lasting long, the surface should not easily wear out.
Mixing is initiated after making the necessary considerations. In order to arrive at a good concrete it is important mix the ingredients precisely and accurately.
Pouring is a method under placing which is done if the mixing site is near the construction site. If the distance is close, then buckets and cranes can be used but if the distance is long trucks are used and this make the ready mix concrete price to rise. To clear any air gaps, consolidation is done. After consolidation it is important not to overdo the compacting which can be done by rollers. The appearance adjustment is called finishing. Letting the concrete cure enables reduction of vulnerability of the surface.